Last modified on 1-12-299
Welcome to the site of the
Institut d'Estudis Istorics of the
Plaça de l'Institut, 1 - 1300 Darsa Solelhadenca -
HISTORY OF SOLELHADA
BEFORE THE PLAGUE
After the Plague almost wiped out the inhabitants of the Demi-Sec and of the Isclas d'Áur archipelagoes, life slowly started anew around the few surviving and very scattered communities.
from the 1st century AP to 23 October, 217 AP
Of course, no authority subsisted from before the Plague, and each of these small and isolated communities was de facto independent. Commerce and intellectual exchange were virtually non-existent amongst them, and completely cut off with regard to the continents.
With years, these communities slowly recovered, and some of them eventually became strong enough to impose their rule on their neighbours.
The wisdom of the past had been lost to the Plague, and this new society was being built upon feudal rules, the richest and greediest taking precedence over the poor and the weak.
The Duchy of Solelhadís was founded by the powerful Enferriat family, on the largest island, La Canabièra Granda.
Other large feudal estates were the Duchy of La Vilassa, the Earldom of Viça, the Duchy of Ais, the Duchy of Barc, and the Earldom of Tula.
With time, these estates were united under the firm rule of the Enferriats, and their land came to be know as the Kingdom of Solelhada.
The Còsta d'Aigador region in southern Longerath (today's Sa Costa) was the first non-Solelhadan speaking territory added to the Enferriats' domains; its conquest started at the end of the 1st Century and went on slowly as the native Aigadorencs lost the coast and kept control of the hills.
At the end of the 2nd Century, the Kingdom of Solelhada extended over all the southern islands and the Còsta d'Aigador. At the beginning of the 3rd Century, King Pèire III embarked on a series of aggressions against Solelhada's neighbours, aimed at expanding his autocratic rule.
As a result, most of southeast Longerath, all of New Aquitania, southern Sylvian, southernmost Merité (today's Rosardan) and all of Rt peninsula became Solelhadan dependencies. However, these imperialistic wars inflicted severe shortages to the Solelhadan people, who eventually rose up against the feudal rule in 217.
The Solelhadan Revolution was quite short. In a few weeks, most urban centres were in the hands of the insurgents.
The king and the royal family were shot, the aristocratic and religious leaders were imprisoned, and the republic
was proclaimed in Solelhadís on 23 October, 217.
This is why 23 October is the Solelhadan national holiday.
All conquered territories were granted independence by the Revolutionary Government. The original Solelhadan territories came to be known as the Republica Ensolelhada.
The Aigadorenc and Moranguese provinces, and the island of Canina were lost during the Civil War.
HISTORY OF THE FIRST REPUBLIC
from 23 October, 217 to 15 April, 244
- November, 217
The Solelhadan Communist Party (PCS) and the Solelhadan Peasants Party (PPS) form a provisional government.
- December, 217
The Constitution of the 1st Republic is adopted by the Constitutional Assembly by an overwhelming majority. The royal flag is changed to the republican flag. Matiàs Rei becomes the president of the republic.
- March, 218
The PCS and the PPS unite to create the Solelhadan Workers and Peasants Party (POPS).
- April, 220
First elections. The POPS get 52% of the popular vote.
- April, 225
Second elections. The POPS get 84% of the popular vote. The current provinces and electoral constituencies are created.
- April, 230
Only candidates from the POPS are allowed to run for elections. In some constituencies, several POPS candidates contend the one available seat.
- June, 230
Matiàs Rei is elected President-for-Life by the Popular Assembly.
The POPS transforms Solelhada into a developed country with heavy industries.
- March, 235
During the 17th congress of the POPS, some delegates criticise the fact that the country is being industrialised too fast. The environment is suffering, they say, and the workers are working too much and cannot enjoy the prosperity the revolution brought them. The most outspoken delegate is Victor Gelu from Argentosa.
- April, 235
During the elections, fights erupt between Geluist and orthodox members of the POPS.
- May, 235
The government suspends the results of the elections. It is believed that the orthodox candidates were defeated by the Geluists ones almost everywhere. Martial law is instated, Victor Gelu is gaoled.
The government loses the contact with the working masses. People are gaoled without trials.
The formerly liberal policy of the republic towards ethnic minorities is halted. Magyar and Akitanian are outlawed. The use of Solelhadan dialects different from the central variety is forbidden.
- 15 March, 239
A small group of high ranking members of the POPS meet in a secret place in Darsa Solelhadenca and vow to restore trust in the government from the masses. They choose the Sun as their symbol, and Joan Urós, a former deputy from Darsa Akitana, as their leader.
- 22 April, 239
The group who met on 15-3-39 has grown larger, attracting mostly former Geluists. They decide to call themselves the Partit del Solelh (Party of the Sun).
- March, 240
Victor Gelu is tried for treason and counter-revolutionary activities and sentenced to death.
- 28 December, 243
Victor Gelu is hanged in Solelhadís.
- 1 January, 244
The members of the underground Partit del Solelh solemnly vow to restore true Socialism by any necessary means.
- January, 244
Joan Urós secretly leaves for Sa Costa (at the time a fascist state called "Aigador") where he receives weapons and training from the Aigadorenc Communist guerrilla.
- April, 244
Joan Urós secretly returns from Sa Costa with a small élite group of Aigadorenc partisans.
- 12 April, 244
Some Partit del Solelh (PdS) militants, led by Joan Urós and the Aigadorenc partisans, takes control of the central Radio broadcasting building in Solelhadís. They broadcast the historic message:
Comrades... the ruling POPS has betrayed the working masses of our beloved country. It is time to put an end to their deviance and to restore Socialism in Solelhada.
We, as members of the PdS, vow to take control of the government and create a new republic, with happiness and leisure time for all.
Visca lo cambe! Visca la mar! Visca lo solelh!
The government immediately sends all available infantry units to the radio building. However, infighting erupts between soldiers loyal to the government and soldiers favouring the PdS. Chaos breaks in Solelhadís.
- 13 April, 244
The fighting extends to the whole island of La Canabièra Granda. The central hills are held by PdS militants, especially in the Magyar- and Akitanian-speaking areas; the rest of the island is under the control of the government.
Solelhadís is controlled by neither.
- 14 April, 244
Joan Urós and a small group of fighters manage to sneak into the heavily-guarded Presidential Palace and to assassinate Matiàs Rei. At the end of the day, news of the assassination reach the island. One by one, the loyalist units surrender.
- 15 April, 244
Joan Urós is proclaimed president of the republic by the people of Solelhadís during a big party on Plaça de la Revolucion.
The governors of all the provinces recognise Joan Urós as the legitimate president.
HISTORY OF THE SECOND REPUBLIC
from 15 April, 244 to 23 July, 299
- May, 244
A new constitution is written.
The Akitanian- and Magyar-speaking region in the centre of the island of La Canabièra Granda becomes an autonomous territory with its own territorial government. The official languages there are Akitanian and Magyar.
The government slows down the industrialisation of the country. Agriculture becomes the priority of the government. Tourism, at that time almost unknown of over Vexillium, is invested in.
- November, 244
The working week is set to five days instead of six.
- April, 245
First elections of the 2nd republic. The POPS get 98% of the popular vote.
- June, 245
Joan Urós is elected President-for-Life by the Popular Assembly.
- Under construction
Between 245 and 299: war with Aigador and Angliyaa, modification of the constitution to avoid war, eternal treaty of non-aggession signed with Angliyaa, hemp becomes Solelhada's main export as more and more states end hemp prohibition, casinos prove popular with foreign visitors, the income of tourism and drugs enables the government to cut the work week to four, then three, then two days.
- March, 299
Angliyaan patriots start hunger strikes and disobedience campaigns against the "Jannaton" régime.
- April, 299
The Christian-Democrat "Jannaton" government collapses. The name of Angliyaa is restored.
Despite the eternal non-aggression treaty between Angliyaa and Solelhada, the new Angliyaan government reacts angrily to the way Solelhadan and international maps show the boundary between Sa Costa and Angliyaa.
- May, 299
Although they peacefully managed to overthrow the puppet régime of so-called Jannaton that had ruled their country for two years, Angliyaan patriots are unable to keep the country united.
- June, 299
Angliyaa breaks up into half a dozen new entities. Solelhada claims the ones inhabited by ethnic Solelhadans (speakers of Aigadorenc and Moranguese).
- 11 June, 299
On 11 June, the city of Aigador del Nord in former Angliyaa and the area around it, inhabited by ethnic Solelhadans (speakers of Aigadorenc) become a part of Solelhada, as per the South Angliyaa Treaty between Angliyaa, Solelhada and Westria.
The new province is called Alt Aigadorenc.
- July, 299
This month sees the province of Morangal integrate the country. It also sees the end of the problem of the island of Canina/Alterra with a peaceful resolution and the creation of the CIMO.
- 23 July, 299
The integration of the two former Angliyaan provinces, the end of the tensions with Alterra, and the fact that the former Angliyaan provinces are allowed to partly remain capitalistic lead to the founding of the 3rd Republic on 23 July, 299.